Bolivia, the country with two flags. Bolivia is a landlocked state in west-central South America. The country that is now Bolivia was once part of the ancient Inca empire.
After the War of the Pacific (1879–84), a war between Chile and a Bolivian–Peruvian alliance, Bolivia lost access to the Pacific Ocean and became one of the two landlocked states in the Americas. It borders Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru.
Bolivia occupies an area of 1,098,581 km² (424,164 sq mi), it is about twice the size of Spain, or slightly less than three times the size of the U.S. state of Montana. The Andean mountain range covers about one-third of the country.
Bolivia has a population of 11,5 million people, indigenous people make up about two-thirds of the population. Bolivia is one of the few states in the world with two capitals: La Paz is the seat of the government, and Sucre the legal capital and the seat of the judiciary.
Spoken languages are Spanish (official), Aymara, Quechua, Guaraní and 34 other native languages.